Joe Navarro’s “Read ‘Em and Reap” Review

[DD] “Navarro’s book was the most interesting of the four”, Deb the Duchess opined, “insofar as he’s not much of a poker player but rather a former FBI agent applying career skills from his profession.”

[LL] “Like interrogating suspects?” suggested Leroy the Lion.

[DD] “Yes, but without resorting to torture.”

[LL] “I think that’s more of a CIA thing.”

[DD] “There are non-poker books, some psychology books for example, that can improve your poker. Navarro’s poker book is the opposite; it’ll help you in real life.”

[LL] “To tell when people are lying to you?”

[DD] “Much more than that. Navarro actually trains you to be more observant… even before a single hand of poker has been dealt.”

[LL] “Sure, you need to know how a person normally acts, so you can detect a change in behavior.”

[DD] “You need to establish what he calls their ‘baseline behaviors': how they sit, where they place their hands, how their face looks, and even how fast they chew their gum.”

[LL] “Most players can’t chew gum and bluff at the same time.”

[DD] “While Caro briefly mentions some unconscious tells, Navarro bases most of his book on them. He believes that the limbic, or mammalian, part of our brains, betrays our emotions before we can stop ourselves a moment later.”

[LL] “So, player’s immediate reactions matter the most?”

[DD] “Exactly. An actor will likely then do the opposite, while other players will freeze and do nothing, a difference Burgess and Baldassarre explore in depth. But that immediate reaction is difficult to suppress.”

[DD] “A threatening board card or an opponent’s bet can invoke one of the three fear responses: freeze, flight, or fight.”

[LL] “Or as Tyrone the Telephone would say, ‘Hold on tight, take to flight, or boldly fight’?”

[DD] “Yep. Stay still like a deer in headlights, physically separate by leaning away, or go on the offensive by glaring at the bettor.”

[LL] “And how would I avoid making these automatic responses myself?”

[DD] “Navarro recommends a robotic approach. Do everything the same way every time: how you arrange your chips, look at your cards, hold your body and hands between actions, push your chips forward, etc. Don’t talk. Heck, don’t even move if you don’t have to.”

[LL] “Phil Ivey must be his favorite player.”

[DD] “But he also advocates wearing a hat and sunglasses.”

[LL] “So he must really dig Phil Laak’s Unabomber look. I’m surprised secret agent man doesn’t tell you to wear a scarf to hide your pulse and a surgeon’s mask to hide your nose and mouth.”

[DD] “Oh, and your feet, which he calls ‘the most honest part of your body’… Don’t tap them, wrap them around the chair legs, or move them at all.”

[LL] “If everyone followed all the advice in this book, poker players would die of boredom.”

[DD] “No, but it would make it more like playing online poker.”

[LL] “Without the chat box. And much slower. Yawn.”

[DD] “Believe it or not, I actually liked the book. Even if I never intend to follow some of his more extreme advice.”

[LL] “That does surprise me.”

[DD] “Well, that was just the section on hiding your own tells. His information about other people’s tells is excellent: Tells of Engagement and Disengagement, High and Low Confidence Tells, Gravity-Defying Tells (which indicate strength), Territorial Tells, and Pacifying Behaviors (which indicate weakness).”

[LL] “For example?”

[DD] “Like these:

  • Engagement: a nose flare indicates the player is going to play the hand (e.g., preflop).
  • Disengagement: unprotecting the cards is weak.
  • High-confidence: steepled hands are strong.
  • Low-confidence: wringing hands is weak.
  • Gravity-defying: raising heels or bouncing feet or legs are strong.
  • Territorial: spreading out is strong.
  • Pacifying: touching the neck or face is weak.”

[LL] “But what if they’re false tells?”

[DD] “He says those will appear ‘stilted or unnatural’. Also, you should note which players are actors so you can just ignore them. In the end though, I think you just need to give much more weight to their initial responses.”

Title Read ‘Em and Reap”
Author Joe Navarro
Year 2006
Skill Level Any
Pros Unique perspective on tells. Focuses on subconscious tells that are difficult to hide.
Cons Many of the tells may be difficult to detect or fake.
Rating 3.5 (out of five)

“Caro’s Book of Poker Tells” Review

After a tournament in which Leroy the Lion just missed the money and Deb the Duchess just made it, the two friends continue their discussion on tells.

[LL] “So, did you spot any new tells tonight?” Leroy asked.

[DD] “I did, but it definitely took a lot of concentration. It wasn’t easy.”

[LL] “Figaro the Fish is a fount of information.”

[DD] “You said new tells.”

[LL] “And you don’t need any tells to take his chips anyway. He’s very generous.”

[DD] “They say to start by focusing on the loosest player in the game, since you’ll be in the most hands with them.”

[LL] “Carlos the Crazy!”

[DD] “He’s practically straight out of first book I read, Caro’s Book of Poker Tells.”

[LL] “Everything he does is loud.”

[DD] “Caro has him pegged — his flamboyant personality matches his loose aggressive playing style. And he’s the perfect bad actor.”

[LL] “Strong means weak, and weak means strong.”

[DD] “Precisely what Caro says. Carlos will try to talk you into a call when he’s got the goods and try to get you to fold when he’s bluffing.”

[LL] “Which is most of the time.”

[DD] “Caro lists 58 specific tells in his book, half of which are acting tells, and I’ll bet that crazy guy has most of those. I’ll have to recheck the book to see what I missed.”

[LL] “What are the other half?”

[DD] “Subconscious tells, which Navarro explains much more thoroughly, and general tells, which didn’t seem that useful to me.”

[LL] “But despite the fact that the original material was published before you were born, you still found it useful?”

[DD] “Yes, beginners don’t know to hide their tells, and I guess even some intermediate players like Carlos are able to fool enough people with their acting that they keep doing it.”

[DD] “Caro is a bit repetitive though, which is the only way he was able to fill out a 300+ page book. The 58 tells fall under 25 general Laws of Tells, which he lists both with their specific instances and in a separate chapter. He spends another two chapters on Important Tells Revisited and a Play Along Photo Quiz.”

[LL] “At least all the repetition helped you learn the tells though, right?”

[DD] “I suppose I have to admit that.”

Title Caro’s Book of Poker Tells
Author Mike Caro
Year 2003 (originally published as The Book of Tells in 1984)
Skill Level Any
Pros The original book on poker tells.
Cons Many of the tells no longer apply, except from beginners and some stronger players who like to act. Photos are poor quality.
Rating 3.0 (out of five)

Tells


[DD] “Leroy, do you think I have any tells?” Deb the Duchess asked.

[LL] “Why would I tell you if I knew?” the Lion countered.

[DD] “Because I have a tell on you that I can trade it for.”

[LL] “Well, in that case…”

[DD] “Do tell.”

[LL] “Your new card protector gave you a tell. You’re actually pretty good about using it all the time, but you vary the position of the protector on your cards.”

[DD] “Ah! I know what you’re going to say. I put the guard closer to the middle of the table when my cards are good.”

[LL] “Exactly. If you think that’s a safer place, then just do it all the time, and you’ll be good to go.”

[DD] “Thanks!”

[LL] “You’re welcome.”

[DD] “Your tell is probably something you already know about, but you still need to fix it.”

[LL] “What’s that?”

[DD] “You’re much too obvious about counting the pot when you’re on a draw.”

[LL] “Agreed. But what can I do about that? I need to know if I’m getting the right odds to call.”

[DD] “The best solution is a bit of work but will have other benefits — keep track of the pot size all the time.”

[LL] “I used to do that a little bit, but when online poker became my main game, I got quite lazy since the total was always right on the screen. I really should get back to doing it.”

[DD] “There is an easier solution though…, just blatantly count the pot occasionally when you’re not on a draw.”

[LL] “Hiding my real tell amid false tells! A bit devious, but I like it. Thanks!”

[DD] “You’re welcome. Fair trade, right?”

[LL] “Absolutely. Why did you bring this up now though? Did you just notice my tell?”

[DD] “Heh, no. I’ve known about it for a while. But I’ve been reading a bunch of books on tells, and they talk about getting rid of your own tells. I thought the best way to find out if I have any tells is just to ask someone observant.”

[LL] “Thanks for the compliment. What books have you been reading?”

[DD] “I’ve read these four so far:”

Year Author[s] Book Rating Summary
2003 Mike Caro Caro’s Book of Poker Tells 3.0 The original poker tells bible [as "The Book of Tells" in 1984]; still has some great advice but many suggestions are dated.
2006 Joe Navarro Read ‘Em and Reap” 3.5 FBI interrogator’s point of view, focusing on the limbic (mammalian) part of the human brain.
2006 Randy Burgess
Carl Baldassarre
Ultimate Guide to Poker Tells 3.5 How to read tells and use them to advantage.
2012 Zachary Elwood Reading Poker Tells 4.0 Well-organized pre-, in-, and post-action tells, mostly using No Limit Hold ‘Em for examples.

[DD] “But the tournament’s about to start, so we’ll have to talk more later…”

Stan’s Lists – Poker Movie Scenes


[LL] “Pretty much every poker game in the world is now played with table stakes1“, Leroy the Lion commented. “So why do all these stupid movie scenes go the Wild West ‘bet-your-life-savings-if-you-want’ route?”2 [Casino Royale works around this cutely with the car keys] [Movies set in the Wild West get a pass, I guess]

[RR] “Too many scenes with cheating,3 too”, Roderick the Rock added.

[SS] “It’s pretty sad for Hollywood that ridiculously unlikely monster hands4 only rank as their third biggest poker sin”,5 suggested Stan the Stat.

[LL] “I understand that nobody ever went broke underestimating the intelligence of the public, but it truly is insulting…”

[RR] “But in Hollywood, every car that crashes explodes, too.”

[SS] “After disqualifying all the hands that had non-table stakes, cheating, or monster hands (and sometimes all three), it was fairly easy to select my top ten movie poker scenes (although I limited Rounders to two scenes, when it could have had more):”

The Best Poker Movie Scenes (in alphabetical order)

Movie Scene (video link) Year (IMDB) Scene Description6
California Split 1974 The movie starts with an explanation of some poker etiquette as they play 5-card draw lowball in a casino.
Casino Royale 2006 James Bond (Daniel Craig) plays Texas Hold ‘Em in a Bahamas casino.
The Cincinnati Kid 1965 The title character Eric Stoner (Steve McQueen) plays 5-card stud.
Cool Hand Luke 1967 The title character (Paul Newman) plays dollar-limit 5-card stud against other prisoners.
High Roller: The Stu Ungar Story 2003 No Limit Hold ‘Em is explained and played as a savvy pro makes some moves.
In Time 2011 Texas Hold ‘Em players bet a portion of time from their lives instead of money.
Lucky You 2007 L.C. Cheever (Robert Duvall) gives his son Huck (Eric Bana) a Texas Hold ‘Em lesson in a diner.
Maverick 1994 Bret Maverick (Mel Gibson) meets and plays poker with Annabelle Bransford (Jodie Foster) for the first time; says he’ll lose for the first hour to get Angel (Alfred Molina) to let him play.
Rounders 1998 Mike McDermott (Matt Damon) reads all the hands in the judges’ game of 7-card stud.
Rounders 1998 Mike McDermott and some of his fellow grinders feast on the tourists and businessmen in Atlantic City.

Footnotes:

  1. Table stakes mean that players can only bet the chips and money they have visible on the table.
  2. Non-table stakes examples: The Cincinnati Kid and Honeymoon in Vegas.
  3. Cheating examples: The Lady Eve, Lucky You (collusion), Shade, The Sting, and Trinity Is Still My Name (hilarious though).
  4. Monster hand examples: Casino Royale, Dreamgirls, Ocean’s Eleven, and The Parent Trap.
  5. Other Hollywood annoyances: string bets and raises, splashing the pot, discussing the current hand out loud, and slowrolling.
  6. Some scene spoilers (highlight to see): : in the Casino Royale scene, Bond wins his famous car (Aston Martin) as the car keys on the table are allowed to be bet, cleverly working around the table stakes rule. The Cincinnati Kid makes a great read, calling an overbet with just a pair of Eights, beating a pair of Sixes. The Cool Hand Luke scene is the one that gave the movie its title, as the hero bluffs out the winning hand. In the Stu Ungar scene, the veteran cleverly agrees to show one of his hole cards for a chip on a 7332 board (he has 72, so the young guy assumes he has a full house). In the In Time scene, Salas gambles on an inside straight draw and hits on the river to get paid off just before his time expires. In the Maverick scene, the title character keeps to his word, using the hour to spot everyone’s tells.

Related Links:

Stan’s Lists – Poker Movies


[RR] “You guys want to join us for Gutshot Straight?”1 Roderick the Rock asked.

[FF] “The new Steven Seagal poker movie?” Figaro the Fish inquired.

[LL] “Yeah”, Leroy the Lion confirmed. “We’re going to catch the midnight showing at the cineplex on Sunday night.”

[FF] “Sure. I can always sleep at work.”

[RR] “Isn’t that technically Monday at midnight?”

[LL] “I consider it the same day until I’ve gone to sleep and woken up.”

[SS] “I’m in”, Stan the Stat volunteered. “Haven’t seen a good poker movie in a while.”

[RR] “What do you consider to be a good poker movie?”

[SS] “Pretty much anything that revolves around poker, as opposed to a movie with just have a random poker scene or two.”

[LL] “And of course, you have a list?”

[SS] “You know me too well. It wasn’t much of a list a decade ago, but we’re in the prime of poker movies. My ten favorite poker movies, sorted alphabetically rather than ranked; Rounders would be number one by far:”2

The Best Poker Movies

Movie (IMDB link) Year Poker Summary
California Split 1974 Bill Denny (George Segal) and Charlie Waters (Elliott Gould) team up to gamble and have fun but go broke; pawning all their possessions, they head for the big poker game in Reno.
Casino Royale 2006 James Bond (Daniel Craig) plays in a $10,000,000 buy-in Texas Hold ‘Em tournament with the terrorist banker Le Chiffre (Mads Mikkelsen).
The Cincinnati Kid 1965 The title character Eric Stoner (Steve McQueen) plays high stakes stud against the old master Lancey Howard (Edward G. Robinson).
Deal 2008 Retired poker pro Tommy Vinson (Burt Reynolds) trains hotshot Alex Stillman (Bret Harrison) then unretires and faces him in the WPT championship.
The Grand 2007 One Eyed Jack Faro (Woody Harrelson) and others improv their way through a poker tournament.
Lucky You 2007 Huck Cheever (Eric Bana) tries to beg, borrow, and steal $10,000 to play in the WSOP Main Event. Billie Offer (Drew Barrymore) is a love interest and victim.
Maverick 1994 The title character (Mel Gibson) tries to win a $25,000 buy-in, winner-take-all, 5-card draw poker tournament in the Wild West.
Poker Night 2014 Policeman Stan Jeter (Beau Mirchoff) plays poker with other cops, gets locked in a basement with a young girl by a psychopath (Ron Perlman), and needs to use what he learned at the poker table to escape.
Rounders 1998 Mike McDermott (Matt Damon) is studying to become a lawyer, but his heart belongs to poker. He and buddy Lester Murphy (Edward Norton) play in a variety of games to try to settle the Worm’s poker debts.
Shade 2003 A group of small-time con artists try for a big score in a poker game.

[SS] “The past decade has also seen the release of a number of poker documentaries:”

The Best Poker Documentaries

Documentary (IMDB link) Year Summary
All In: The Poker Movie 2009 The post-Moneymaker poker boom with interviews of many poker pros.
Bet Raise Fold 2013 Online poker from the early 2000s through Black Friday as seen through three poker players.
Drawing Dead: The Highs & Lows of Online Poker 2013 Poker perspectives from a successful online pro and a struggling gambling addict.
High Roller: The Stu Ungar Story 2003 The story of the 3-time WSOP Main Event champion, flashing back from his death bed.
No Limit: A Search for the American Dream on the Poker Tournament Trail 2006 The real-life story of a young couple trying to make it playing high-stakes tournament poker.3

Footnotes:

  1. Gutshot Straight is rumored to be debuting in U.S. theaters on September 1, 2014. {Update 9/1/14: alas, the release didn’t happen, so the wait continues.}
  2. At least until Rounders 2 comes out.
  3. This film also deserves a footnote in the Poker Reality Television Shows post.

Shuffling

[SS] Stan the Stat declaimed, “In the 2006 movie The Prestige Michael Caine’s character Cutter explains:”

Every great magic trick consists of three parts or acts. The first part is called “The Pledge”. The magician shows you something ordinary: a deck of cards, a bird or a man. He shows you this object. Perhaps he asks you to inspect it to see if it is indeed real, unaltered, normal. But of course… it probably isn’t. The second act is called “The Turn”. The magician takes the ordinary something and makes it do something extraordinary. Now you’re looking for the secret… but you won’t find it, because of course you’re not really looking. You don’t really want to know. You want to be fooled. But you wouldn’t clap yet. Because making something disappear isn’t enough; you have to bring it back. That’s why every magic trick has a third act, the hardest part, the part we call “The Prestige”.

[RR] “Interesting parallel to the flop, the turn, and the river in Texas Hold ‘Em”, Roderick the Rock noted.

[LL] “I’ve never heard anyone claim that poker’s turn comes from the magic term, but it makes some sense, as both are in the middle”, Leroy the Lion continued.

[RR] “Magic tricks can certainly flop if the sleight of hand isn’t performed well or the intended result fails.”

[LL] “And there’s plenty of prestige if the river card wins you a big poker tournament.”

[SS] “Good magic can be entertaining even if you know how it’s done. Great magic though, leaves you wondering how they did it.”

[LL] “What makes really great magic are the incredible skills that the magicians practice countless hours honing. Sleight of hand. Misdirection. Physical manipulations that you might have thought were completely impossible.”

[SS] “Like the perfect shuffle. Can you cut a deck of cards perfectly in half, so each half has exactly 26 cards? Can you riffle shuffle1 those two halves so that the cards are perfectly alternated from each half? Can you then execute each of those two skills eight times in a row without a single card getting out of place?”

[SS] “If you started with a sorted deck and did exactly that, you’d be right back where you started.2 And ready to perform any number of card tricks with your seemingly well-shuffled deck. If you did the first five shuffles ahead of time, you could then start the trick by fanning a seemingly already randomly shuffled deck to start with.”

[RR] “What would that shuffled deck look like, so we could spot it if we saw it?”

[SS] “Better yet, here are all eight permutations of a deck that starts with each suit sorted in order from Ace to King:”

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
A♣ A♣ A♣ A♣ A♣ A♣ A♣ A♣ A♣
2♣ A♥ A♦ 7♥ 4♦ 9♣ 5♣ 3♣ 2♣
3♣ 2♣ A♥ A♦ 7♥ 4♦ 9♣ 5♣ 3♣
4♣ 2♥ A♠ 7♠ T♠ Q♦ K♣ 7♣ 4♣
5♣ 3♣ 2♣ A♥ A♦ 7♥ 4♦ 9♣ 5♣
6♣ 3♥ 2♦ 8♣ 4♥ 2♠ 8♦ J♣ 6♣
7♣ 4♣ 2♥ A♠ 7♠ T♠ Q♦ K♣ 7♣
8♣ 4♥ 2♠ 8♦ J♣ 6♣ 3♥ 2♦ 8♣
9♣ 5♣ 3♣ 2♣ A♥ A♦ 7♥ 4♦ 9♣
T♣ 5♥ 3♦ 8♥ 4♠ 9♦ J♥ 6♦ T♣
J♣ 6♣ 3♥ 2♦ 8♣ 4♥ 2♠ 8♦ J♣
Q♣ 6♥ 3♠ 8♠ J♦ Q♥ 6♠ T♦ Q♣
K♣ 7♣ 4♣ 2♥ A♠ 7♠ T♠ Q♦ K♣
A♦ 7♥ 4♦ 9♣ 5♣ 3♣ 2♣ A♥ A♦
2♦ 8♣ 4♥ 2♠ 8♦ J♣ 6♣ 3♥ 2♦
3♦ 8♥ 4♠ 9♦ J♥ 6♦ T♣ 5♥ 3♦
4♦ 9♣ 5♣ 3♣ 2♣ A♥ A♦ 7♥ 4♦
5♦ 9♥ 5♦ 9♥ 5♦ 9♥ 5♦ 9♥ 5♦
6♦ T♣ 5♥ 3♦ 8♥ 4♠ 9♦ J♥ 6♦
7♦ T♥ 5♠ 9♠ J♠ Q♠ K♦ K♥ 7♦
8♦ J♣ 6♣ 3♥ 2♦ 8♣ 4♥ 2♠ 8♦
9♦ J♥ 6♦ T♣ 5♥ 3♦ 8♥ 4♠ 9♦
T♦ Q♣ 6♥ 3♠ 8♠ J♦ Q♥ 6♠ T♦
J♦ Q♥ 6♠ T♦ Q♣ 6♥ 3♠ 8♠ J♦
Q♦ K♣ 7♣ 4♣ 2♥ A♠ 7♠ T♠ Q♦
K♦ K♥ 7♦ T♥ 5♠ 9♠ J♠ Q♠ K♦
A♥ A♦ 7♥ 4♦ 9♣ 5♣ 3♣ 2♣ A♥
2♥ A♠ 7♠ T♠ Q♦ K♣ 7♣ 4♣ 2♥
3♥ 2♦ 8♣ 4♥ 2♠ 8♦ J♣ 6♣ 3♥
4♥ 2♠ 8♦ J♣ 6♣ 3♥ 2♦ 8♣ 4♥
5♥ 3♦ 8♥ 4♠ 9♦ J♥ 6♦ T♣ 5♥
6♥ 3♠ 8♠ J♦ Q♥ 6♠ T♦ Q♣ 6♥
7♥ 4♦ 9♣ 5♣ 3♣ 2♣ A♥ A♦ 7♥
8♥ 4♠ 9♦ J♥ 6♦ T♣ 5♥ 3♦ 8♥
9♥ 5♦ 9♥ 5♦ 9♥ 5♦ 9♥ 5♦ 9♥
T♥ 5♠ 9♠ J♠ Q♠ K♦ K♥ 7♦ T♥
J♥ 6♦ T♣ 5♥ 3♦ 8♥ 4♠ 9♦ J♥
Q♥ 6♠ T♦ Q♣ 6♥ 3♠ 8♠ J♦ Q♥
K♥ 7♦ T♥ 5♠ 9♠ J♠ Q♠ K♦ K♥
A♠ 7♠ T♠ Q♦ K♣ 7♣ 4♣ 2♥ A♠
2♠ 8♦ J♣ 6♣ 3♥ 2♦ 8♣ 4♥ 2♠
3♠ 8♠ J♦ Q♥ 6♠ T♦ Q♣ 6♥ 3♠
4♠ 9♦ J♥ 6♦ T♣ 5♥ 3♦ 8♥ 4♠
5♠ 9♠ J♠ Q♠ K♦ K♥ 7♦ T♥ 5♠
6♠ T♦ Q♣ 6♥ 3♠ 8♠ J♦ Q♥ 6♠
7♠ T♠ Q♦ K♣ 7♣ 4♣ 2♥ A♠ 7♠
8♠ J♦ Q♥ 6♠ T♦ Q♣ 6♥ 3♠ 8♠
9♠ J♠ Q♠ K♦ K♥ 7♦ T♥ 5♠ 9♠
T♠ Q♦ K♣ 7♣ 4♣ 2♥ A♠ 7♠ T♠
J♠ Q♠ K♦ K♥ 7♦ T♥ 5♠ 9♠ J♠
Q♠ K♦ K♥ 7♦ T♥ 5♠ 9♠ J♠ Q♠
K♠ K♠ K♠ K♠ K♠ K♠ K♠ K♠ K♠

[SS] “After the first shuffle, the cards are in pairs, with clubs and hearts together and diamonds and spades together.

After the second shuffle, the cards are sorted by denomination.

After the third shuffle, the cards are matched with their opposite denominations (e.g., deuces with eights and nines) and opposite suits.

After the fourth shuffle, the cards are in groups of four, spaced out denominationally, one of each suit.

After the fifth shuffle, the cards are five apart denominationally (decreasing), with suits almost paired.

After the sixth shuffle, the cards are four apart denominationally, with suits in groups of three or four.

After the seventh shuffle, the cards are two apart, with suits together (two batches).

After the eighth shuffle, the cards are back in their original order.”

[LL] “The conventional wisdom is that you should mix the cards using at least seven riffle shuffles,3 but apparently you shouldn’t do it too perfectly!”

[SS] “That advice is certainly useful for people who might only shuffle a couple times otherwise, but twelve or more shuffles should really be your target if you want a truly randomized deck.”

[RR] “Most people just want to play cards, not shuffle all day.”

[LL] “Well, at least cut the deck before dealing. The top card could still be on top no matter how many times the deck was shuffled.”

[SS] “That’s why professional croupiers throw in a strip shuffle after every couple riffle shuffles.4 The strip shuffle also adds randomness, reducing the number of riffles you need to do. My new shuffle routine is seven riffles with a strip after every even riffle.”5

Footnotes:

  1. The riffle shuffle is definitely the best of the six common shuffling methods. The Overhand Shuffle (pulling cards out from the side of the deck), the Hindu Shuffle (pulling cards out from the end of the deck), and the Strip Shuffle (basically just repeated cuts) are very inefficient. The Weave Shuffle or Faro Shuffle (forcing two half decks together along their edges) is too good and not good for the cards.
  2. Specifically, this is an out shuffle, where the top and bottom cards never move. If the top card of the bottom half of the deck becomes the new top card each time instead, it’s an in shuffle. While the out shuffle takes eight iterations to return the deck to its original order, the in shuffle inverts the deck after 26 shuffles and restores it after 52.
  3. Note: there are two main flavors of the riffle shuffle. The common method lifts the short edges of the halves high and merges them together, with or without a subsequent bridge. The casino method merges the corners of the halves together. This is better for the cards and much less likely to expose the card faces.
  4. See the beginning of this shuffling video (longer explanation).
  5. The entire sequence of riffle-riffle-strip-riffle-riffle-strip-riffle-riffle-strip-riffle will produce a shuffled deck random enough for anyone.

Related Links:

A Clutter of Cards

[RR] “What’s in your wallet?” Roderick the Rock interrogated Leroy the Lion. “It’s so thick.”

[LL] “Not a Capital One credit card, that’s for sure”, Leroy answered. “I’m still haunted by their annoying David Spade ads.”

[RR] “I can’t even keep my wallet in my back pocket anymore. It’s so full of cards that sitting down would twist my back.”

[LL] “I have plenty of other credit cards though, plus ATM cards, loyalty rewards cards, warehouse club cards, a blood donor card, and a library card… The only thing I don’t have much of in my wallet is money!”

[LL] “But don’t get me wrong. I love cards. I collected baseball cards and other trading cards. I’ve kept every greeting card anyone ever sent me. I use CompactFlash cards and SD cards in my camera and Roku. I usually carry business cards for networking and playing cards for, well, playing.”

[RR] “I’ve seen some pretty cool business cards designed to look like playing cards.”

[LL] “You’re probably worn out with all this card talk, which is precisely the problem with normal playing cards made of plastic-coated cardboard, which don’t last very long before they need to be discarded.”

[RR] “A Brazilian company, Copag, solved that problem over a century1 ago (though over a millennium after playing cards were invented2): completely plastic playing cards. They last practically forever3 with normal usage.”

[LL] “I really like the Copags with the large numbers on them, although I admit that it’s easier to peek at your hole cards with the regular Copags.”

[RR] “We used KEM cards back in college, but now I find them overly expensive and too slippery when they’re new.”

[LL] “Maybe so, but KEM, which has been around since the early 1930s, has been the official playing card of the WSOP since 2007, three years after the U.S. Playing Card Company bought its manufacturing plants and artwork. The colors of KEM cards are definitely brighter, which helps on television.”

Footnotes:

  1. Copag began producing plastic playing cards in 1908.
  2. Playing cards existed by the 9th century (middle of the Tang Dynasty). Ironically, the most famous Chinese card game is now played with tiles. Mah jong is based on a card game created during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).
  3. Copag claims only that their cards last twenty to fifty times as long as plastic coated playing cards.

Card Protectors

[UU] “What’s that you’re using as a card protector now?” Umberto the Unlucky asked Deb the Duchess.

[DD] “It’s a THETA Poker chip, for my favorite app, THETA Poker Pro”, Deb replied. “I used it for the first time at last month’s home tournament and took first place!”

[UU] “Can I borrow it from you? I sure could use a boost of good luck.”

[DD] “Are you kidding me? That would be like the irresistible force meeting the immovable object. One of you might explode.”

[SS] “Maybe you could charge him to use it”, Stan the Stat suggested, “like Doyle Brunson does with his Casper Ghostbuster card cap.”

[RR] “I thought he sold that to Howard Lederer”, Roderick the Rock informed.

[SS] “He did, but he bought it back. I think Texas Dolly’s will bequeaths it to the Professor though.”

[UU] “How about if you give me the THETA Poker protector if I knock you out of tonight’s tournament, like how Greg Raymer signs a fossil for his conqueror.”

[DD] “After I win the World Series of Poker Main Event, I’ll consider it.”

[RR] “How did you get it anyway?”

[DD] “I bought a customized card cap on eBay and submitted this graphic of the chip from the App Store. I thought it came out really well:”

THETA Poker Icon Card Protector
THETA Poker Icon THETA Poker Card Protector

[DD] “And it’s already paid for itself many times over.”

[SS] “I like it; it’s appropriate, subtle, and actually legal for WSOP use.”

[RR] “What do you mean by that?”

[SS] “Brunson’s rock is within spec as are the Fossilman’s flat fossils, but Humberto Brenes’s shark, Steve Dannenmann’s globe, and many other card protectors I’ve seen1 are too tall. The WSOP rules state:”

There will be no foreign objects on the table except for a maximum of one card cap (also known as a card protector).
Card caps can be no larger than two (2) inches in diameter and no more than one-half (1/2) inch in depth.2

[RR] “Not high on their enforcement list, apparently.”

[SS] “Why did you suddenly start using a card protector? Most of us don’t.”

[DD] “I was scared straight by these two Poker News articles, which include the painful way Estelle Denis was crippled at the 2009 WSOP Main Event. I never want that to happen to me!”

Footnotes:

  1. Like Yoda, Stewie, the Buddha (first Poker News article), Bugs Bunny, and the dragon (second Poker News article).
  2. Quoted from the 2014 WSOP Rules, Section 106 (Foreign Objects).

Related Links:

Full Tilt Poker Bankroll Reimbursement Wrap-Up

[LL] “I’d almost given up”, Leroy the Lion began. “After three years and three months, and a full month after the last promise, my Full Tilt Poker bankroll has finally been returned! I didn’t get an email, but I happened to check my bank account online and saw this lovely line:”

Deposit – ACH DOJ POKER STARS / – POKERPAY01 Payment in connection with the Full Tilt Poker Claims Administration1

[SS] “I got mine too”, Stan the Stat seconded. “Wasn’t much, and I’d really rather keep it somewhere where I could play online poker!”

[LL] “There are still sites that let you play in the U.S.”

[SS] “And risk losing my bankroll again? Too bad we don’t live in Nevada, New Jersey, or Delaware, where online poker returned legally last year.”2

[LL] “I think you’d be disappointed. Before, you could play with anyone in the world. Now, the player pools are so small that the game selection is terrible. Nevada and Delaware residents can play against each other, but they’re only the 35th and 45th most populous U.S. states, with less than four million people total. New Jersey is a little better but still has under nine million residents.”

Footnotes:

  1. ACH is short for “Automated Clearing House”, an electronic banking network. DOJ is the “Department of Justice”. PokerStars bought Full Tilt Poker on July 31, 2012.
  2. Nevada legalized online poker on April 30, 2013, Delaware half a year later, and New Jersey another month later. See the legality section of the Wikipedia article on online poker.

Related Links:

2014 November Nine Odds


[YY] “Leroy, thanks for your donation”, Yuri the Young Gun teased, referring to their recent wager.

[LL] “They say, ‘Bet with your head, not your heart’,” Leroy the Lion admitted, “but I didn’t expect that the oldest November Niner would be only 31 years old!”

[SS] “That’s the lowest it’s ever been,” Stan the Stat noted, “although the average age of just under 28 was about a year older than in 2010, when 37-year-old Soi Nguyen was the only player in his 30s.”

[SS] “Actually, I feel pretty lucky that three of this year’s final table are 30 (Dan Sindelar) or 31 (Jorryt van Hoof and Bruno Politano); every other November Nine had one to three players over 35. Otherwise, the profile fits the usual mold with one to five foreigners (5 this year) and one to three amateurs (2 this year).”

[YY] “The bet between us is now almost perfectly even. You have the chip leader (van Hoof), middle man (Sindelar) and cellar dweller (Politano), while I have twice as many players left at twice the cost.”

[LL] “Since I’ve been eliminated, can I interest you guys in another bet like last year?”

November Nine Odds

Player Chips 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th Carbon
Odds
1
Percent
With Vig
2
True
Percent
ICM
Percent
Diff
Jorryt van Hoof 38,375,000 19.1% 17.4% 15.6% 13.7% 11.6% 9.3% 6.9% 4.4% 2.0% 2.5/1 28.6% 21.9% 19.1% 2.7%
Felix Stephensen 32,775,000 16.3% 15.6% 14.6% 13.5% 12.1% 10.4% 8.4% 6.0% 3.1% 3.5/1 22.2% 17.0% 16.3% 0.7%
Mark Newhouse 26,000,000 13.0% 13.0% 12.9% 12.6% 12.3% 11.6% 10.5% 8.7% 5.6% 4/1 20.0% 15.3% 13.0% 2.3%
Andoni Larrabe 22,550,000 11.2% 11.5% 11.7% 11.9% 12.0% 11.9% 11.5% 10.4% 7.8% 7/1 12.5% 9.6% 11.2% -1.7%
Dan Sindelar 21,200,000 10.6% 10.9% 11.2% 11.5% 11.8% 12.0% 11.9% 11.2% 8.9% 7/1 12.5% 9.6% 10.6% -1.0%
William Pappaconstantinou 17,500,000 8.7% 9.2% 9.7% 10.3% 11.0% 11.8% 12.7% 13.5% 13.1% 10/1 9.1% 7.0% 8.7% -1.8%
William Tonking 15,050,000 7.5% 8.0% 8.6% 9.3% 10.2% 11.3% 12.8% 14.9% 17.3% 12/1 7.7% 5.9% 7.5% -1.6%
Martin Jacobson 14,900,000 7.4% 7.9% 8.5% 9.3% 10.2% 11.3% 12.8% 15.0% 17.6% 7.5/1 11.8% 9.0% 7.4% 1.6%
Bruno Politano 12,125,000 6.0% 6.6% 7.2% 7.9% 9.0% 10.3% 12.4% 15.9% 24.6% 15/1 6.3% 4.8% 6.0% -1.3%
Totals 200,475,000 130.59% 100.00% 100.00%

[SS] “I have a slightly different bet to propose, since it’s just the three of us. Looking at the odds, you can break the November Nine into three almost exactly even groups: van Hoof, Tonking, and Politano; Stephensen, Sindelar, and Pappaconstantinou; and Newhouse, Larrabe, and Jacobson. By the true odds, each group has within a percent of one in three chance of winning.”3

[YY] “I’d rather have both Larrabe and Stephensen, but given those groups, I’d have to pick Newhouse, Larrabe, and Jacobson, three of my picks in the other bet.”

[LL] “I’m a foosball player, so I’d be happy to take Stephensen, Sindelar, and Pappas.”

[SS] “Leaving me with the two 31-year-olds, van Hoof and Politano, along with Tonking instead of Sindelar, so the Main Event was the fourth career WSOP cash for each of my guys.”

[LL] “This is like a rebuy for me, so can we make that the wager?”

[SS/YY] “Sure!”

Footnotes:

  1. Carbon Poker’s original odds were given in +250 format on July 18, 2014. Since then, Sindelar has dropped from +700 to +550.
  2. The Percent With Vig is simply the denominator of the odds divided by the sum of the numerator and denominator. The True Percent normalizes this by dividing by the total of 130.59%.
  3. The actual totals are 32.55%, 33.55%, and 33.90%.